How do I stay safe?
If you make sure that blood from an infected person cannot get into your bloodstream and use protection if you’re having sex with an infected person then you are unlikely to become infected with Hepatitis B.
The virus is spread through blood to blood contact and the exchange of bodily fluids (especially sexual fluids and through certain sexual practices).
For those who are regular sexual partners of someone who has Hepatitis B, or who live with someone who has Hepatitis B, you would be advised by health professionals to be vaccinated against Hepatitis B and use condoms until you have reached immune status..
Hepatitis B is extremely infectious. As such it only require a tiny drop of someone else’s infected blood to enter your body for you to become infected. It is also very easily passed on through unprotected sex.
As long as you don’t do anything that might pose a risk of infection, or if you take the recommended steps to protect yourself (e.g. vaccination, protection during sex, learning to clean up infected body fluids properly) then it is easy to stay safe.